Where does the immigration officer bring his information?
Immigration officers comment on temporary (non-immigrant) or immigrant visas. Usually, Canadian immigration officers have a lot of information about the lifestyle and the type of job, civil and financial records of applicants in the origin countries, so they clearly recognize the evidence of the documents and, at the same time, double recognize and review the unconventional and out-of-procedure documents and accuracy.
Typically, immigration officers obtain information about tourist visa applications first through responses given on individual and family forms.
So, you need to be careful about the answers you make on these forms. You may be disregarding some of the questions that you are asking for to complete in the forms and you don’t care about them, such as when you are asked “If you have any relatives in Canada?” you may think that because your relatives are not in Canada you can give a negative answer to this question, but if you have any relatives in Canadian (albeit far) whose names are the same as your last name, this issue is immediately identified by the Canadian Immigration System and, in the opinion of the Immigration Officer, you give the wrong answer!
So be aware that the main source of information and estimation of your honesty is, in principle, individual and family forms. Because in examining the responses, immediately and systematically, without the need for secondary research, information about the correctness or incorrectness of your answers is given to the Immigration Officer.
Legal criteria for reviewing and deciding on visa applications
In the decision process, there are usually criteria that are as follows:
Doubt: In many cases, the Immigration Officer judges on the basis of doubt over immigration cases, but this doubt is not based on a feeling but on the basis of a contradiction in the evidence.
Reason: Under this criterion, the Immigration Officer places the basis on the rationale of his decision; in this situation, he has a psychological pressure, and as a result, he will do more research.
Scales: In many cases, the Immigration Officer places acceptable and sometimes unacceptable evidence on a balance scale and will try to compare transparent and positive cases with suspicious items, and decide and judged according to the heavier scale and makes a decision.
Without any doubt: In this case, the Immigration Officer evaluates all documents positively and his decision is strong and undoubted, the result of this assessment can be positive or negative, and this result will have a direct connection with your documents and location.
Of course, this method of judgment is directly related to secondary research, and if the applicant’s subject country does not have a solid political relationship with Canada, or if the Immigration Officer cannot communicate with the “language” of the target country, this decision can be insecure on the basis, which means that the Immigration Officer cannot definitively (and without any doubt) act in the affirmation or refusal of the visa.
Some problems in the processing of investigating the visa applications
Typically, the application process must be based on “criterion of reason”, but when the immigration officer wants to decide on the case, in many cases, “reason” addresses the officer’s mind to other documents; unfortunately, the lack of political and diplomatic relations, prevents secondary research from the relevant sources in the country of origin and always “the criterion of reason” undergoes changes and confusion.
In the meantime, some security or political decisions arising from the obscurity of relations with the country of origin create cross-sectional drafts and, consequently, changes the way in which files are reviewed.
For example, in the winter of 1396, a large number of non-immigration cases (excursion) were rejected or in 2016, within a period of about 40 days, a large number of self-employed cases were closed, and since then, the criteria and procedures for reviewing such files have changed substantially.
What are the reasons for rejecting Canadian visa application?
The reason for refusals by the immigration officer is mainly in relation to the laws or regulations of the Canadian Immigration Department or the Immigration Regulations, which is mainly due to the following reasons:
The applicant does not have the necessary conditions for obtaining a visa.
In such a situation, the Immigration Officer states that, by reviewing your documents and other items, it is not convinced that you have the necessary conditions for obtaining a Canadian visa and immediately identifies the items that he considers that you are weak.
Entrance of applicant to Canada is forbidden:
In this case, the entry of the applicant or his affiliates to Canada is prohibited due to the security or criminal jurisdiction. In many cases, the applicant has complete and acceptable evidence, but the immigration officer refuses a visa based on a background check or security issue.
The visa applicant is lying or hiding important information:
The Immigration Officer concludes this in the circumstances that you have shown the reality elsewhere or did not express part of the information; these are often found in the examination of individual and family forms, since unrealistic or forged documents that were submitted to the Embassy with forms has undermined the authenticity of your statements in the forms.